The Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimea Conference, was held in February 1945 and was attended by the leaders of the Allied powers, namely Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States, Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, and Winston Churchill of Great Britain. The conference aimed to discuss the post-World War II reorganization of Europe and the establishment of a new world order. Here are the major agreements that were reached at the Yalta Conference.

1. The division of Germany

The Allies agreed to divide Germany into four occupation zones, with the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union each taking control of one zone. The capital city, Berlin, was also divided into four sectors under the same arrangement.

2. The establishment of the United Nations

The leaders agreed to establish the United Nations, an international organization tasked with promoting peace and cooperation among nations. The UN was to replace the League of Nations, which had failed to prevent the outbreak of World War II.

3. The fate of Poland

The Allies agreed on the formation of a provisional government of national unity in Poland to be established after the war. The government was to include members of the pre-war government, as well as representatives of the Polish resistance movement. However, the Soviet Union was given the right to veto any appointments to the Polish government.

4. The war against Japan

Stalin agreed to enter the war against Japan three months after Germany`s surrender. The Allies also agreed that the Soviet Union would regain control over the territories it lost to Japan in the Russo-Japanese War of 1905.

5. The repatriation of prisoners of war

The Allies agreed to repatriate prisoners of war and displaced persons to their home countries after the war. However, the Soviet Union insisted on repatriating Soviet citizens, including those who had fought for Germany, which led to the forced repatriation of thousands of people who faced persecution and even death upon their return.

In conclusion, the Yalta Conference was a significant event that shaped the post-World War II world order. While some of the agreements reached at the conference were successful, others had unintended consequences, such as the forced repatriation of Soviet citizens. Nevertheless, the conference provided a framework for international cooperation and laid the foundation for the establishment of the United Nations, which remains a vital institution to this day.